Action Learning Group

Water is a vital component of human existence and plays a crucial role in various areas such as agriculture, industry, and energy production. The challenges facing water supply and water management are growing and include factors like the growing population, changes in climate patterns, and the excessive exploitation of water reservoirs. There are water shortages and water quality problems as a result in several areas around the globe.

This is why managing the world’s water resources is more important than ever. This article will examine five of the problems with water management throughout the world.


Global challenges facing water management professionals.


Water Scarcity:

When the water demand outweighs the supply, water scarcity results. Population growth, climate change, and poor management worsen it in arid and semi-arid regions. By 2025, the UN estimates that 1.6 billion people would live in countries experiencing water shortages.

Food instability, population growth, urbanisation, climate change, and poor water management contribute to water shortages. Implementing water conservation initiatives is one of the steps taken to overcome the water shortage. These initiatives aim to reduce water consumption by promoting water-efficient technology and practices.

Implementing initiatives for water recycling and reuse is another strategy. These initiatives treat wastewater for non-potable and industrial purposes like irrigation.


Water Pollution:

Water pollution is a problem in many places where there is a lot of economic activity. Water pollution is caused by garbage from homes, pollution from factories, and runoff from farms. The development of dangerous compounds in water bodies makes them unsafe for use by marine life, humans, and other organisms.

Ineffective rules and waste management systems make the issue worse. Water contamination may cause economic losses, biodiversity loss, and water-borne illnesses. These toxins can harm your health and decrease the quality of freshwater supplies.

The implementation of strict laws such as the ‘Clean Water Act (CWA)’ which provides funds to state and local agencies for pollution control and develops programs for preventing, reducing, or eliminating the pollution of the navigable waters and ground waters and improving the sanitary condition of the surface and underground waters.

This is related to water quality and will be an achievable step to reducing the issue of water contamination. The goal of these regulations is to limit the release of contaminants into the marine environment and to promote the implementation of industrial practices that are more environmentally friendly.


Climate Change:

Climate change, which is a big problem around the world, influences how water supplies are managed. Changes in the way it rains and the rise in sea level are all effects of climate change. Changes in the weather will have a big effect on how water supplies are managed, especially in areas that depend on melted snow and the resupply of groundwater.

The impact of climate change is not a hypothetical scenario, but rather an actual event that has drastically changed the livelihoods of many people across the globe. The number of extreme weather events, such as heat waves, droughts, floods, and hurricanes, is on the rise, resulting in large relocation, starvation, and illness.

In addition, it is notable that the impact of climate change is distributed unevenly, with a greater burden being placed on disadvantaged and underprivileged communities such as households with low income.

The deployment of infrastructure that is adaptable to climate change is an achievable approach to reducing the effects of climate change. One potential strategy is the construction of water storage facilities that can keep water during periods of heavy rainfall and subsequently discharge it during periods of relatively low water.

Water Security:

Many nations face major obstacles in the form of inadequate water infrastructure and limited availability of safe drinking water, which present large barriers to accomplishing water security. The concept of “water security” demands the guarantee of enough and convenient access to water resources, with a particular emphasis on meeting the needs of all stakeholders, particularly those who are most vulnerable.

The implementation of measures aimed at constructing water infrastructure is among the actions taken to reduce concerns about the safeguarding of water resources. The goal of these initiatives is to enhance the availability of drinking water and improve sanitation facilities, particularly in geographically isolated areas.

The implementation of water pricing systems represents a potential solution that can encourage responsible water consumption and help the development of water-related infrastructure.


Water Governance:

Several nations, especially those with sophisticated water management systems, have serious issues with water governance. The distribution of water resources among diverse stakeholders, such as farmers, businesses, and the environment, is known as water governance. Conflicts between these parties and ineffective use of water resources may result from poor water governance.

The adoption of integrated water resources management (IWRM) frameworks represents a measure taken toward addressing water governance issues. Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) aims to promote the systematic and sustainable management of water resources, considering the various social, economic, and environmental factors that impact water usage.

One approach to water allocation is the implementation of water allocation systems, such as water markets, that help the distribution of water to applications that provide the greatest value.


In conclusion, several considerations make global water management challenging. All these challenges stated above influence human health, ecosystems, animal diversity, and community conflicts. Governments, society, and companies must collaborate to overcome these issues.

Learn more about Water Management with BSN’s Masterclass programme. The next starting date is the 10th of May. Online applications are now open.

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